* A pH adjuster * Considered a strong irritant * Also known as lye, caustic soda, soda lye or sodium hydrate Functions of Sodium Hydroxide: Sodium Hydroxide is an inorganic compound used to control … Typically, in order for this reaction to occur, the sodium hydroxide must react with an acid, such as hydrochloric acid (HCl). It comes in many different brands of drain cleaners. NaOH is available in concentrations of up to 50%, which is the most commonly used concentration. Sodium hydroxide is particularly damaging if its fumes are allowed to permeate the eyes. The chemical is synthesized through electrolysis where chemical decomposition is achieved by passing an electric current through a solution of sodium chloride (commonly referred to as table salt) to yield sodium hydroxide and chlorine gas. Sodium hydroxide is used to manufacture soaps, rayon, paper, explosives, dyestuffs, and petroleum products. 2. Sodium hydroxide is one of the strongest bases … Around 56% of sodium hy­drox­ide pro­duced is used by in­dus­try, 25% of which is used in the paper in­dus­try. Caustic Soda. Na?Cl?). The leveling effect of sodium hydroxide helps regulate external influences which may have otherwise changed healthy pH levels. NaOH is available in concentrations of up to 50%, which is the most commonly used … The beauty of sodium hydroxide for use in cleaning lies in its ability to transmute hard grease and fat buildup– attributed to clogging drains– into dissolvable soap. Sodium hydroxide is likely the strongest alkali found in everyday use. H 2 O crystallizes from water solutions between 12.3 and 61.8 °C. It is major ingredient in drain and oven cleaners. Some common prescriptions including sodium hydroxide as an inactive ingredient are Aspir-Low aspirin, Cyclobenzaprine hydrochloride extended-release, diclofenac sodium and misoprostol delayed-release, Divalproex sodium delayed-release, Didanosine, Edarbyclor, Nexium, and Sutent. © 1999 - 2020 Noah Technologies Corporation ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Sodium Hydroxide (NaOH): Also known simply as caustic, is the most widely used alkaline neutralizing chemical in use in industry today. It is a very common base used in the chemical industry. The purpose of a base may fall under two definitions: Sodium hydroxide is generally known for its ability to form water (H?O) in solution while also forming salts (e.g. You may know sodium hydroxide as lye or caustic soda; while potassium hydroxide is commonly known as potash. Cleaning Electrical Cables Prior to Splicing, Industries and Applications of Sodium Hydroxide. Sodium hydroxide or caustic soda (NaOH) exhibits properties that are similar to those exhibited by KOH. Sodium hydroxide is a component in common pain relievers, a piece of the puzzle in creating effective anticoagulants, and is used in cholesterol maintenance prescriptions. Sodium hy­drox­ide is also used in the man­u­fac­ture of sodium salts and de­ter­gents, pH reg­u­la­tion, and or­ganic syn­the­sis. This reaction is the most simple of the acid-base reactions and serves as a foundation for all the other functions of sodium hydroxide. Sodium hydroxide is the principal strong base used in the chemical industry. Concentration and extraction of Al 2 O 3 are carried out. It is a standard alkali and is used to determine the strength of acids used for acid-base titrations (neutralization titrations). It is used in chemical manufacturing, oil refining, hydraulic fracturing, water treatment and metal processing. Therefore, hydroxide ions are heavily involved in acid-base reactions. It is extremely corrosive and should be handled carefully. to Handling the solid form requires caution as it denatures proteins and may cause chemical burns to the body. Sodium Hydroxide (NaOH) is white and odorless solid. Like most compounds, potassium hydroxide and sodium hydroxide have common names you are likely familiar with. our processes and services. In small dilutions (5%), sodium hydroxide is commonly found in the following beauty products: The inclusion of sodium hydroxide in many beauty products is attributed to its ability to stabilize pH levels. Ecolink will be closed Thursday, December 24th through Friday, Jan 1st. Sodium hydroxide, also known as lye and caustic soda, is an inorganic compound with the formula NaOH. Bauxite ore is a hydrated form of Al 2 O 3. Sodium Hydroxide for Cleaning NaOH Uses (Sodium Hydroxide) It is used in the manufacturing of detergents and soaps It is used in the production of bleach-like chlorine It is used in drain cleaners It is used in the removal of heavy metals from the water by the municipal water treatment facility It is used … Uses of sodium hydroxide - definition 1. In bulk, it is most often handled as an aqueous solution, since solutions are cheaper and easier to handle. Sodium hydroxide is approved for use in cosmetics and personal care products in varying concentrations: 5% by weight in nail cuticle solvents, 2% by weight in hair straighteners for general use, 4.5% by weight in hair straighteners for professional use, up to a pH 12.7 in depilatories, and up to pH 11 in other uses as a pH adjuster. Sodium hydroxide is used in industry as a strong base, potassium hydroxide is used in agriculture , and iron hydroxide minerals such as goethite and limonite have been used … It is also commonly used in the manufacture of fabric, plastic wrap, paper and soap, according to the Tennessee Department of Health. Common Names for Sodium Hydroxide: Caustic soda, lye, soda lye, and sodium hydrate, Molar Mass of Sodium Hydroxide: 39.997 g/mol. It is help in saponification of fatty acids … Typically, in order for this reaction to occur, the sodium hydroxide must react with an acid, such as hydrochloric acid (HCl). The name caustic soda is derived from the material’s origins as a sodium hydrate and it’s called caustic because, well, it’s highly corrosive in nature. Following properties make KOH a very useful compound for various industrial processes. It’s water... Zirconium hydroxide is an extremely versatile compound. Sodium hydroxide is an extremely important compound because it has multiple uses. Find patient medical information for Sodium Hydroxide on WebMD including its uses, side effects and safety, interactions, pictures, warnings and user ratings. Uses of Potassium Hydroxide & Sodium Hydroxide. It is a very One of the best known uses of sodium hydroxide is its use to unblock drains. When used as a cleaning agent handlers must exhibit caution, as the chemical is known to burn human skin and cause severe internal damage if inhaled or ingested. The U.S. Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA) has put guidelines in place for allowable exposure limits for workers in industries and facilities where sodium hydroxide substances are present. As a strong base, it is commonly used in acid titration in laboratories. What are some uses of sodium hydroxide? It is a common ingredient in cleaning supplies, and perhaps most notably appears in drain and oven cleaning chemicals. As a caustic agent, it is used to destroy organic tissue by … Many useful chemical reactions or processes involve hydroxide or hydroxide ions. In the purification of bauxite for the extraction of aluminium. Sodium hy­drox­ide is used in many sce­nar­ios where it is de­sir­able to in­… Caustic soda – or sodium hydroxide – is a strongly basic substance used in many areas. Sodium hydroxide is generally known for its ability to form water (H?O) in solution while also forming salts (e.g. A lye is a metal hydroxide traditionally obtained by leaching wood ashes, or a strong alkali which is highly soluble in water producing caustic basic solutions. It is a white, corrosive, solid compound that absorbs … Sodium Hydroxide 10% forms a strongly alkaline and caustic solution. It is also used in processing cotton fabric, laundering and bleaching, metal cleaning and … It is used in the Bayer process of alu­minium pro­duc­tion. 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