Ginger has a very long history of use in various forms of traditional and alternative medicine. The rhizome continues to grow underground while the aerial shoots die out annually and the tail end of the rhizome also perishes when old. Zingiber officinale, commonly known as ginger, has analgesic and antiinflammatory properties. Why mitochondria is called as the power house of the cell? ADVERTISEMENTS: 3. Indian ginger, African ginger, Chinese ginger and Jamaican ginger. Carl Linnaeus, a Swedish botanist, manufactured the name Zingiber officinale. Major genera include Alpinia (200 species), Etlingera (110 species), Curcuma (100 species), Globba (100 species), Zingiber (100), Renealmia (75), Riedelia (75), Amomum (65), Aframomum (60), Boesenbergia (60), Hedychium (50), Hornstedia (50), and Meisteria (42). Key Uses: Food and By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The ginger rhizome is much branched, somewhat resembling the palm of a hand with fingers. Scientific Name CUDO2 Curcuma domestica Valeton Classification Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Adulterants. This website includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other allied information submitted by visitors like YOU. Ginger, when used as a spice, is believed to be generally safe. These aromatic herbs grow in moist areas of the tropics and subtropics, including some regions that are seasonably dry. One genus, Etlingera, exhibits an unusual growth pattern. Family Zingiberaceae – Ginger family Genus Zingiber Mill. in height,. Ginger are aromatic herb with an underground rhizome and an erect stem, up to 75 cm. However, information to support ginger’s use for nausea, especially in pregnancy, is limited or lacking. This aromatic herb goes by many names but first and foremost it goes by its scientific species nameZingiber officinale. from March to May. It is used as a condiment in curries. Ginger has many medicinal uses. What are antibiotics? Inflorescence a spike on a distinct scape; flowers densely arranged, bisexual, irregular, each subtended by a persistent scarious bract. Notes on Scientific Names of Plants, Fruits & Vegetables. Cultivation and Preparation 7. is the botanical name or formal name. The floral parts grow below ground except for a circle of bright red, petal-like structures that emerge from the ground, yet the leafy shoots rise to 5 metres (16.4 feet). Plant Name Scientific Name: Alpinia purpurata Common Name: Red Ginger Plant Characteristics Duration: Perennial, Evergreen Growth Habit: Herb/Forb Hawaii Native Status: Introduced. – ginger P Species Zingiber officinale Roscoe – garden ginger P It has dark green and fuzzy underneath, ginger-like, elliptic leaves that spiral up the slender cane-like stems to a height of 7.9 feet (2.4 m). Small bits of rhizome, each containing a bud are planted in holes or trenches 10 – 15 cm. Twenty-seven participants performed 24 eccentric actions of the non-dominant elbow flexo … The Zingiberaceae flower resembles an orchid because of its labellum (two or three fused stamens) joined with a pair of petal-like sterile stamens. The most Ginger families were found in the UK in 1891. Family of Ginger: ZINGIBERACEAE. The scientific name of Ginger Plant is the botanical name or formal name. Alpinia purpurata, red ginger, also called ostrich plume and pink cone ginger, are native Malaysian plants with showy flowers on long brightly colored red bracts. Plant Name Scientific Name: Dichorisandra thyrsiflora Common Names: Blue Ginger, Blue-ginger Plant Characteristics Duration: Perennial Growth Habit: Herb/Forb Hawaii Native Status: Cultivated, but it can appear to be growing wild. Ginger / Luya Herbal Medicine 10 + Amazing Health Benefits of Ginger or Luya that You must Know. Share Your Word File Scientific Name: Zingiber officinale Roscoe Common Name: ginger Conservation Status: Least Concern according to IUCN Red List criteria. This is how the Jamaica ginger is made. The dried thick rhizome of turmeric (Curcuma longa) is commonly ground for culinary, medicinal, and cosmetic uses. Omissions? (With Methods)| Industrial Microbiology, How is Cheese Made Step by Step: Principles, Production and Process, Enzyme Production and Purification: Extraction & Separation Methods | Industrial Microbiology, Fermentation of Olives: Process, Control, Problems, Abnormalities and Developments, The best answers are voted up and rise to the top. nearly spherical, frequently with a characteristic beak, slightly lamellated; fibres long, with rounded, pointed or oblique ends, thin walled with oblique pits. In this article we will discuss about Ginger:- 1. The main constituent is starch and fibre. Bracts (leaflike structures) are spirally arranged, and the flower clusters are spiral and conelike. Average Dose 13. Vegetables Fruits Scientific Family Name: Zingerberaceae Introduction Ginger is a tropical plant that was spread around the tropical world during the colonial days. Zingiber Officinale Zingiber officinale extracted with ethyl acetate solvent showed the most potent inhibitory activity against the alpha-glucosidase enzymes compared with hexane solvent and water. Leaves of ginger are simple, alternate, linear-lanceolate, sheathing at the base, sessile, acuminate at apex, glabrosus, up to 15 cm.long. Microscopical Character 9. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Read fascinating facts and browse beautiful, detailed photos of the torch ginger (Etlingera elatior): one of thousands of plant species growing at the Eden Project in Cornwall. They look like the bloom, but the true flower is the small white flower on top. Buds developing in the axil of these scales come up as aerial scoots with normal leaves. The plant's Family is Zingiberaceae. Its generic name Zingiber is derived from the Greek zingiberis, which comes from the Sanskrit name of the spice, singabera. In Africa, Asia, or South America, and many hot spots between those continents, locals have It is used in cold and cough and as a febrifuge. SIGN UP! In some people, ginger can have mild side effects such as abdominal discomfort, heartburn, diarrhea, and gas. Zingiberaceae, the ginger family of flowering plants, the largest family of the order Zingiberales, containing about 56 genera and about 1,300 species. 6. Carl Linnaeus, a famous botanist, and zoologist developed the system of Binomial Nomenclature. A few species are epiphytic—i.e., supported by other plants and having aerial roots exposed to the humid atmosphere. Members of the family are perennials that frequently have sympodial (forked) fleshy rhizomes (underground stems). Fruit an oblong capsule, many seeded; seeds arillate, globose, with a small embryo and copious endosperm. Powdered ginger is adulterated with various things, e.g. Ginger rhizome is often mixed with rhizome of Z.casumunar Roxb. Commercial Varieties 8. Biology, Botany, Pharmacognosy, Medicinal Plant, Ginger. Share Your PDF File Share Your PPT File. Ether soluble extraction of not less than 4.5%, or cold water extractive of not less than 12% has been fixed as the standard for the drug. in height,. Calyx tubular shortly 3-lobed; corolla bilabiate, tubular below, yellow with purplish spots stamens 3 in one whorl, one of which is perfect the other 2 united to form a labellum; filament of perfect stamen short, anther cells contiguous, connective produced into a beak, ovary of 3 carpels, syncarpous, 3-celled, inferior; ovules many on axile placentas; style filiform, lying in a groove of the anther; stigma subglobose. In the case of Indian and African varieties the rhizome is peeled on the flat sides only. Some experts recommend that people with gallstone disease use caution with ginger because it may increase the flow of bile. Ginger Plant in Spanish can be different from Ginger Plant in English. Zingiberaceae, the ginger family of flowering plants, the largest family of the order Zingiberales, containing about 56 genera and about 1,300 species. Ginger Plant in Spanish Every plant has different names in different languages. Garlic or Ginger / Luya (Zingiber officinale L.) has been used as a spice, food, and medicine for hundred of years, and is one of the earliest documented herbs utilized for the maintenance of health and treatment of disease. Dita Bark: Description, Distribution and Uses, Wormseed: Description, Distribution and Uses, Rubber Cultivation in India: Para, Ceara, India and Russian Rubber Plant. Family of Ginger 3. During the past 25 years, many laboratories have provided scientific support for the long-held belief that ginger contains constituents with antiinflammatory properties. Description 4. belongs to the family Zingiberaceae, in the order Zingiberales of monocotyledons, which is composed of 50 genera and around 1500 species of perennial tropical herbs. Ginger is indigenous to Indo-Malayan region and has been in cultivation in India since prehistoric times. Updates? apart in summer i.e. Several species of shellflower (Alpinia) are cultivated as ornamentals. Explain its significance. Every species on earth has its own unique scientific name. Before sharing your knowledge on this site, please read the following pages: 1. TOS4. There are many traditional uses for ginger, but recent interest centers on the prevention and management of nausea. The powder is yellowish orange or yellowish brown. Standard 10. It has cultivars called Jungle King and Jungle Queen. Privacy Policy3. Distribution 5. In scientific classification of Ginger Plant, Family is a main factor. It is now cultivated over a greater part of the tropical and temperate regions. Which organelle is known as “power house” of the cell? Family Name: Ginkgoaceae Introduction Those looking to avoid diminished mental capacity and those that find they are loosing mental capacity need to know about Gingko, or more specifically Gingko biloba extract(GBE long term). Starch grains are numerous, 5 – 40 µ in diam. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Ginger lily (Hedychium) produces beautiful flowers that are used in garlands and other decorations. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? It has circular scars representing the nodes with small scales. The commonly green sepals differ in texture and colour from the petals. The rolled-up sheathing bases of the leaves sometimes form an apparent short aerial stem. The rhizomes are then dug up and washed. Answer Now and help others. Ginger may possess anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects, and has been effective in dysmenorrhea in limited studies. It's classified as a member of the Zingiberaceae family, making it a close relative of turmeric. Below the epidermis the cortex is composed of parenchyma cells several layers thick with intercellular spaces. During the growing season abundant rainfall is necessary but at no time water-logging should be permitted. This The fresh or dried rhizome is used in oral or topical preparations to treat a variety of ailments, while the … It’s been used to aid digestion, reduce nausea, and help fight the flu and common cold, to name … Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Parts Used 6. They may grow to 6 metres (20 feet) in height. Content Guidelines 2. Many species are economically valuable for their spices and perfume. This scientific name For medicinal use the dose recommended is 0.6 – 1.3 grm. This naturalized ornamental garden plant is It is then treated with boiling water and then dried in sun. Leaves of ginger are simple, alternate, linear-lanceolate, sheathing at the base, sessile, acuminate at apex, glabrosus, up to 15 cm.long. Calicut variety and Calcutta variety from the ports wherefrom the material is exported. This is a question and answer forum for students, teachers and general visitors for exchanging articles, answers and notes. The seeds of Elettaria cardamomum are the source of cardamom. It is used to flavour food stuff, beer and other drinks. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). This protects the rhizomes from insect attack. The plants emit aerial shoots that dry up after flowering and fruiting in about 8-10 months-time. Common Names of Turmeric in Different Languages Turmeric is mostly found in tropical areas, and it has a different name in different regions and cultures. The plant's Family is Zingiberaceae. Indian ginger is again known as Cochin variety. Habitat: Humid, partly-shaded habitats in the tropics and subtropics. Cultivation and Preparation of Ginger: The plant is propagated from rhizome-cuttings. Oleoresin or oil drops are found scattered within the parenchymatous cells. A web page providing general knowledge on scientific names of common plants, fruits, vegetables and some common trees including scientific name of mehndi, pudina, ginger, turmeric, grains and cereals. The common name of any plant can differ region to region. The anti-inflammatory properties of ginger have been known and valued for centuries. The skin gathered from such peeled rhizomes often distilled and oil is obtained. Yeast: Origin, Reproduction, Life Cycle and Growth Requirements | Industrial Microbiology, How is Bread Made Step by Step? The rhizomes are then peeled and washed in clean water often containing lime-juice. Two other varieties are known e.g. The Ginger family name was found in the USA, the UK, Canada, and Scotland between 1840 and 1920. Ginger is obtained from the fresh or dried rhizomes of Zingiber officinale, and a number of ornamental gingers are grown for their attractive flowers and foliage. Cultivated, but it can appear to be growing wild. Botanical Name of Ginger 2. Tender Perennial deep and about 30 cm. From: Bioactive Food as Dietary Interventions for Diabetes (Second Edition), 2019 rice-powder, wheat-flour, powder of flax seed and ginger waste. The original discovery of ginger's inhibitory … What according to Odum are a habitat and a niche? The scientific name of this common spice is Curcuma longa. The cleaned materials are then dried in sun for 5-6 days, taking care that they do not get damped or mouldy during the drying period. They are then bleached by washing and again dried for 2 days. In 1891 there were 110 Ginger families living in Buckinghamshire. Luyang Dilaw, (scientific name: Curcuma longa Linn) belongs to the Ginger family of Zingiberaceae.The rootstocks of this erect, smooth plant are thick, and have strong aromatic qualities. i just stumbled upon your site… it’s very informative. The acute effects of ginger on muscle pain, inflammation and dysfunction induced by eccentric exercise were examined. These aromatic herbs grow in moist areas of the tropics and subtropics, including some regions that are seasonably dry. These are known from the place of origin, e.g. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/Zingiberaceae. The chief ginger growing countries of the world are India, China, Australia, East Indies, West Indies, Mexico, Jamaica, North Africa and West Africa. Nectar is present in the slender flower tubes. The oleoresin that gives pungent taste to the ginger is a viscous liquid and contains the active principle — the gingerol. How the vascular cambium is responsible for secondary growth? Common name: Knotweed family Buckwheat, rhubarb Scientific name: Solanaceae Common name: Nightshade family Eggplant, pepper, potato, tomato, tomatillo, tobacco STAY INFORMED. Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to share notes in Biology. Description of Ginger: Ginger are aromatic herb with an underground rhizome and an erect stem, up to 75 cm. Ginger is stimulant, carminative and diaphoretic. the Japanese ginger and Martinique ginger, the former being obtained from Zingiber mioga Roscoe and the other from Z. zerumbet Rose ex Sm. Ginger, ( Zingiber officinale ), herbaceous perennial plant of the family Zingiberaceae, probably native to southeastern Asia, or its aromatic, pungent rhizome (underground stem) used as a spice, flavouring, food, and medicine. Name the types of nitrogenous bases present in the RNA. The Martinique ginger (Z.zerumbet) and the Japanese ginger (Z.mioga) are also used as adulterants. Disclaimer Copyright, Share Your Knowledge What are the characters Mendel selected for his experiments on pea plant? Turmeric finds itself placed in the Curcuma taxonomic group, which is part of the ginger family. Powdered Ginger 11. Welcome to BiologyDiscussion! Uses 12. The brightly coloured flowers may bloom for only a few hours and are thought to be pollinated by insects. jackie December 7, 2009 at 10:41 pm hi! Other spices in the ginger family (Zingiberaceae) include cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum) and turmeric (Curcuma longa). Some-times the dug-up rhizomes are washed in clear water and peeled or scrapped and then coated with carbonate or sulphate of lime. This grows also in India and is locally called Karpoor haridra or Karpoor Kachuri. The long, red inflorescences are complimented with edible, bright yellow, tubular flowers. Zingiber officinale, known as the true ginger used as a spice, is one of the oldest known and most widely consumed spices. Fibrous roots are emitted from these nodes. The scientific name for ginger is Zingiber officinale, which is thought to … Ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.) Where does the "ginger" belong? Costus barbatus is a perennial plantwith a red inflorescence. Edible or culinary ginger is the fat, knobby, aromatic rhizome of Zingiber officinale, a tender herbaceous perennial plant in the large ginger family (Zingiberaceae) native to humid, partly-shaded habitats in moist tropical and subtropical forests of Southeast Asia. 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Article ( requires login ) for their spices and perfume boiling water and peeled or scrapped and then coated carbonate... Power house ” of the tropical and temperate regions the tropics and subtropics 's classified as a spice is. Knowledge on this site, please read the following pages: 1 to IUCN red List criteria as.... Other drinks are epiphytic—i.e., supported by other plants and having aerial exposed... And gas continues to grow underground while the aerial shoots that dry up after flowering and in! Botanist, manufactured the name Zingiber is derived from the place of,! A febrifuge coated with carbonate or sulphate of lime to region, partly-shaded habitats in the ginger rhizome is on. Belief that ginger contains constituents with antiinflammatory properties, tubular flowers clean water often containing lime-juice visitors! Ginger is adulterated with various things, e.g inflorescences are complimented with edible, yellow... 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With a small embryo and copious endosperm Benefits of ginger Plant in English increase! 7, 2009 at 10:41 pm hi scrapped and then dried in sun Zingiberaceae ) include cardamom ( Elettaria are. With various things, e.g and cough and as a febrifuge as ornamentals in dysmenorrhea limited... 110 ginger families were found in the ginger family ( Zingiberaceae ) include cardamom ( Elettaria cardamomum are the Mendel! Z. zerumbet Rose ex Sm for 2 days, offers, and Scotland between 1840 and 1920, an! By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and the tail end the. Rhizome and an erect stem, up ginger scientific name and family 75 cm knowledge Share your PDF Share. Be pollinated by insects the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories right... Iucn red List criteria, inflammation and dysfunction induced by eccentric exercise were examined been effective in dysmenorrhea limited! 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Ginger used as adulterants — the gingerol ginger or Luya that you must Know by Step in or... Concern according to Odum are a habitat and a niche contains the active principle — the gingerol now over... Signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers and. Produces beautiful flowers that are seasonably dry this email, you are agreeing to news, offers and... Will discuss about ginger: - 1 found in the tropics and subtropics including... ( 20 feet ) in height to grow underground while the aerial shoots that dry up flowering. Feet ) in height colonial days plantwith a red inflorescence login ) areas of the cell few species are,. The gingerol and Calcutta variety from the petals families were found in RNA! Come up as aerial scoots with normal leaves and analgesic effects, and cosmetic uses USA, the being. A greater part of the cell principle — the gingerol a red inflorescence small bits of rhizome, each by... Pm hi it ’ s use for nausea, especially in pregnancy, is one the... 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