Meet the eroded periwinkle. APOLINÁRIO, M., 1 COUTINHO, R. 2 and BAETA-NEVES, M. H. 2 1 Museu Nacional, Departamento de Invertebrados, Carcinologia, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, CEP 20940-040, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil . The name Littorina littorea was in common use among scientists by the 1830s-1840s, but the species was originally described by Linnaeus (1758) as Turbo littoreus. on oyster and mussel beds in England, France and Holland (Clay 1961). A dirty gray, eroded shell camouflages this periwinkle on rock faces in the high intertidal and splash zones. The marine snail Littorina mariae Sacchi & Rastelli occurs in high numbers in the littoral zone on fucoid macro‐algae. Size: 1 inch long and 3/4 inch wide. The mangrove periwinkle, Littorina angulifera, is a common intertidal snail in mangrove forests of the southeast United States.The shell color of L. angulifera varies from bluish white, orange to dull yellow, reddish brown to grayish brown (Andrews 1994). Color: Shell is dark in color, usually brown, black, or gray. Littorina obtusata, the smooth or flat periwinkle, received its name for the texture of its shell and the flattened shape of its spire. Littorina littorea is used to control growth of Enteromorpha spp. exposed rocks, boulders, barnacle zones), but each habitat has its own ecotype of snail (reviewed by Reid, 1996). Description. Not on view at the Aquarium. Habitat: Intertidal zones, rocky shores, tide pools, pilings, and rock jetties. HABITAT SELECTION AND MIGRATORY BEHAVIOUR OF THE INTERTIDAL GASTROPOD LITTORINA LITTOREA (L.) BY ROBERT P. GENDRON* Boston University Marine Program, Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, Mass., U.S.A. INTRODUCTION One of the most distinctive characteristics of rocky shores is the zonation of plants and animals (Stephenson & Stephenson 1972). Identifying Characteristics Try to find just a couple more facts on color differences such as between young and old. Common Periwinkle (Littorina littorea)Alternate common names: Periwinkle, Winkle. ( Fish and Fish 1989 ). Littorina planaxis. 2 Instituto de Estudos do Mar Almirante Paulo Moreira, Arraial … Species of Littorina that lack larvae occupy a wide variety of habitats (e.g. Littorina saxatilis is continuously, or almost continuously, distributed around the shores of each island. No shells or preserved specimens survive as types from Linnaeus’ work, and Reid (1996) established a lectotype from one of Linnaeus’ drawings along with a diagnosis of the species. Seasonal appearance: All year. Body essentially as in Littorina obtusata, but differs in the penis (long tapering tip), arrangement of penial glands (single row of 5 -16 glands) and lack of pigmentation in ovipositor (L. fabalis-penis). This herbivorous snail lives in the eastern coast of North America from New Jersey to Newfoundland ( Trussell 1997 ). The shell is comprised of 6 whorls, with the body whorl about half of the total height of the snail. Enlarge image. Only salt spray and splashes from high waves reach here, forming pools that dry in the sun. We sampled two replicate sites of each habitat per island; boulder shore (‘boulders’), upper tidal level of exposed rocky shore (‘high rocky’) and low-to-mean tide level of exposed rocky shores (‘low rocky’). Species Description. PERIWINKLE (GASTROPODA: LITTORINIDAE) HABITAT SELECTION AND ITS IMPACT UPON MICROALGAL POPULATIONS . The status of the four currently recognised species in the Littorina saxatilis species-complex, i.e. People that work at local fisheries are without jobs because of the dangerous fish disease that Littorina littorea is spreading to the native fish. Habitat and distribution: Tends to live lower on the shore than Littorina obtusata, otherwise habitat and distribution similar (Distr. 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